Why should I be concerned about Rats?
They can nest in basements and lower portions of buildings. Also can nest in upper portions of buildings. May nest outside in trees (especially palm), ivy and similar vegetation. Nocturnal. Most activity and feeding takes place between a half-hour after sunset and a half-hour before sunrise. They are Omnivores. Meats, fish, flour, cereal grains, fruits and vegetables. Eats almost any human food. Rats visit fewer food sites than mice, but eat more at each site. Consumes ¾ to 1 ounce of food each day. Requires water daily to survive-drinks ½ to 1 ounce of water daily.
Facts about Rats:
Rats explore their territory of 100 to 300 feet daily.
Rats can swim up to a mile.
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Why should I be concerned about Mice
Mice explore their limited home range of 10 to 30 feet daily for newly introduced objects. They can live inside the walls of your home. Nocturnal. Most activity and feeding takes place between a half-hour after sunset and a half-hour before sunrise. Omnivores. Seeds (preferred food), cereal grains, fruits, vegetables and meats. Mice frequent many feeding sites –often 20 to 30-during their active period, eating small amounts of food from each site. Daily consumption: 1/10 ounce. Water is not essential to survival if food contains at least 16 percent moisture.
HOUSE MOUSE REPRODUCTION CYCLE.
Mice sexually mature and mate in as little as 5 weeks. Generally, sexual maturity is reached in 5 to 8 weeks.
Female mice reproduce up to 8 times in their life span, with litters averaging 4 to 7 pups. Therefore, a single female may produce up to 56 offspring annually.
Mice and rats reproduce rapidly, as is generally the case with small prey animals. Their relatively short life spans, short gestation periods and rapid sexual maturity make effective rodent control critical. The reproductive cycle and number of rodent offspring increases with adequate food, water and harborage.